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Ta Prhom

Ta Prohm Temple

Rajavihara 

  • Date: 1186 A.D.
  • Reign of construction: Jayavarman VII (1181-1218)
  • Cult: Buddhist temple
  • Art Style: Bayon
  • Clearance work: G. Commaille 1908-1911)

The outside enclosure of the temple consists of a large laterite wall about 1000m long by 700m wide with four entrances on the every axis. The central block is about 400m from the east or west entrance and is among the largest of the monument in the Angkor Complex. The inscription gives an idea of the size of the temple. The complex include 260 statues or idols, 39 towers with pinnacles and 566 groups of residences.

 

It was dedicated in 1186 to shelter the image of the queen mother in the likeness of Prajnaparamita "the perfection of wisdom" and 260 other images including the master or spiritual father of the king. The great stele gives us much information about the number of personnel in the temple, its property and all supplies needed for the cult. The stele says that the temple owned:

  • 3,140 villages with 79,365 taxpayers
  • 12,640 people live in the wall of the temple
  • 18 great priests
  • 2,740 officiates
  • 2,202 assistants
  • 615 dancers

The Property:

  • A set of golden dishes weighing more than 5,000kg

  • A set of silver dishes weighing more than 5,000kg

  • 35 diamonds

  • 40,620 pearls

  • 4,540precious stones

  • An enormous golden bowl

  • 876 veils from China

  • 512 silk beds

  • 523 parasols.

    The list of supplies needed for daily offerings: rice, butter, milk, molasses, oil, seeds.

    The amount needed for special feasts and list of goods furnished each year by the Royal treasury: seeds, milk, honey, oil, wax sandal, camphor, 2,387 sets of clothing to adorn the statues.

    The inscription ends: "Doing these good deeds, the king with extreme devotion to his mother, made this prayer: that because of the virtue of the good deeds I have accomplished, my mother, once delivered from the ocean of transmigration, may enjoy the state of Buddha".

    The mystery of the jungle mingle with the mystery of the ancient galleries and halls. The lack of care in construction particularly at the end of the 12th century is one of the causes of the ruined state of the monuments. The chaotic condition of some of them, has sometimes been attributed to a systematic destruction, the consequences of a total war perhaps. The motive was pure vandalism or religious fanaticism that is the search under the pedestals and around the bases of the towers for treasury-- included some gold-leaf and some gems. The reach these relies, treasure-hunters did not hesitate to knock over the statue, break the pedestal set fire when necessary, dig holes in the bases and split open the stones to get out the T-irons.

    Other causes were natural forces which operated silently but all the same effectively. In tropical countries where the climate is wet, an abandoned building laid open to the rain and termites, is promptly overgrown with vegetation and is destined to speedy destruction.



Cambodia Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat, the largest monument of the Angkor complex and the best preserved, is an architectural masterpiece. It is perfection in composition, balance, proportions, relief and sculptures make it one of the finest monuments in the world. "Wat" meaning "Monastery" which was called it when it became a Buddhist Hinayanism in the 16th century.  Angkor Wat Temple ...

Cambodia Angkor Thom

 Angkor Thom

The Great City or Capital

Angkor derives from Sanskrit word: "Nagara" meaning "City or Town or Capital"; "Thom" means "Great" so Angkor Thom meaning "Great City".

The town of Angkor Thom as we see it today, is not the first capital of ancient Cambodia in the same place.

The first city was founded by king Yaçovarman I (899 to about 910). This king began his reign in the capital of his father Indravarman I at Hariharalaya. He abandoned the city in order to build his own capital Yaçodharapura meaning the "city of Yaçovarman". It was recognized that the centre of this first city is the Phnom Bakheng. It was chosen for its proximity to the river Siem Reap which does not dry up and because the hill form a natural foundation for the pyramid of the God-King ritual. Yaçodharapura was larger than the present town (4 km at each side) owing to the security was good; it allowed the king to be surrounded the city by cheap enclosures of stake to protect the eastern side, he used the course of the river. Angkor Thom

Cambodia Bayon

Bayon

The Bayon, is the exact centre of the town of Angkor Thom. Having to power after the burning of the capital by a he city and surrounded it with a strong wall. This rampart constitutes the outer enclosure of the Bayon, it is a wide, provided the earth for the enormous embankment which support it, and makes a boulevard 25m wide, with four little temples at the corners, Read More Bayon

Cambodia Ta Prohm

Ta Prohm

The outside enclosure of the temple consists of a large laterite wall about 1000m long by 700m wide with four entrances on the every axis. The central block is about 400m from the east or west entrance and is among the largest of the monument in the Angkor Complex. The inscription gives an idea of the size of the temple. The complex include 260 statues or idols, 39 towers with.. Ta Prohm...
Cambodia Banteay Srei Temple

Banteay Srei Temple

Banteay Srei was built by Raja Guru Yajnavaraha for installation Linga "Tribhuvana Maheçvara" in the year 967. A special feature of the decoration was the use of a hard pink sandstone. Architectural and decorative features are unique and fine. A tapestry like background of foliage covers the walls of the structures in the central group as if a deliberate attempt had been made to leave no space undecorated. The architecture is distinguished by superimposed pediments, motifs on the frames of the arches and standing figures in the niches. Panels are decorated with scenes inspired by Hindu epics.Banteay Srei...
Preah Khan

Preah Khan

In 1191, five year after the building of Ta Prohm, the king dedicated this temple to be the shelter of the idol of his father, Dharnindravarman II, in the likeness of Bodhisattva Lokesvara. The causeways lead to the temple are bordered by the same figures carrying a Naga symbolized the Churning the Sea of Milk. This architectural element was the mark of a royal city. It may have served as a temporary residence of King Jayavarman VII while he was rebuilding the capital after the Charms sacked Angkor in 1177. Preah Khan is the name of the sacred sword, the safeguard of Cambodia, which is preserved in the palace of Phnom Penh, it seems that there is a connection between this precious arm and the name of the monument, a name which is not unique among the temple of the country. It is among the largest monuments. It includes a set of four concentric enclosures are longer to the east and west (800m by 700m, 7m high), giant Garudas and serpents are decorated every 50m around the 3km long wall. The wall of central complex forms quadrilateral 250m by 175m with Gopuras or entrance pavilion -  with three passages. The avenues 250m long towards the entrances.

Preah Khan ...

Neak Pean

Neak Pean situated in the middle of artificial lake "Jaya Tadaka", 3700m by 900m, which now has been dried up. In the centre of this space is a square lake 72m along, bordered by four smaller lakes situated on the axis and lower than the embankment surrounding the main one. In the middle of it, is a small sanctuary which was formerly entwined by the trunk-roots of a giant creeper, now dead.  Neak Pean
Eastern Mebon

Eastern Mebon

Eastern the Pre Rup, it looks like a reproduction. The temple was built on an island in the middle of the artificial lake (Eastern Baray: 7 km by 1800m) created by Yaçovarman I. The general arrangement is the same but the whole is of more modest proportions and the base of the quincunx of towers is lower. The platform supporting the five towers is a square of more than 30m per side, mounted on a base.. Eastern Mebon
Pre Rup

Pre Rup...

This term refers to a method of incineration which consisted of tracing the outline of the body of the dead person in the cinders, then doing it the other way round which is called "Turning the body". The outer enclosure wall is 127m by 116m;  Pre Rup...

 Banteay Samre Temple

Banteay Samre Temple located along the way to Bok Mountain and eastern side of East Baray “Yasodharatadaka”. The location of the temple is also located in the Angkor Archaeological site in Siem Reap Cambodia.

Samre is the name of minority people who are living in Siem Reap, they live together in a small village called Preah Dak where the temple was located. Banteay means citadel. Thus Banteay Samre is citadel of Samre.

Read more Banteay Samre Temple

  Preah Ko Bakong Lolei

Three temples Preah Ko, Bakong and Lolei, 15km South-East of Siem Reap town, comprise the Roluos Group of monuments. They are closed together and extend over an area of 3km east of Great Lake. The Roluos group, dating from the late ninth century, is the earliest site of the 600-year Angkor Period. The three temples belonging to this important group have similarities of architecture,  Preah Ko Bakong Lolei....

Beang Mealea

Beng Mealea is one of the largest ensembles in the Angkor region, covering an area - within its 45m.00 wide moats that cover a distance of 4,200m all around - of 108 hectares, and comparable therefore of its plan, the harmonious equilibrium of its composition and the sense of the monumental, given effect by the large clear surfaces..  Beang Mealea

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